BOTH DIFFERENT AND UNIQUE
The variety in Saint-Émilion’s wines resides in the area’s significant geological diversity, a micro-climate ideally suited to winegrowing and skilful blending of grape varieties. This combination, along with the care lavished by winegrowers upon the vines, provides ideal conditions for the nutrition and ripening of grapes.
A striking feature of the Saint-Émilion vineyards is their mosaic of separate plots, which results from the economic rules and organisation of property at the end of the Middle Ages. The four appellations of Lussac Saint-Émilion, Puisseguin Saint-Émilion, Saint-Émilion and Saint-Émilion Grand Cru represent almost 970 registered winegrowers. In this light, the poetic description of the area as “the hill of a thousand estates” is particularly meaningful.
Saint-Émilion benefits from a temperate, oceanic micro-climate with evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year and hot, dry summers, under the influence of the two rivers Isle and Dordogne. They moderate the summer heat as well as the harshness of winter, thus providing protection against the risk of frost. The average yearly temperature is 12.8°C. Temperature swings are lessened. The evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year provides excellent conditions for vine cultivation.
Nevertheless, the variation in temperature and rainfall from one year to the next can be considerable, making vintages very different.